It's time for another two-part edition of things that were unearthed in recent months. Today's episode covers updates, lots of repatriations, some mummy stuff, Viking stuff, animal stuff, and a handful of miscellany.
Research:AFP. “Chile's National Museum Of Natural History To Return Easter Island 'Head'.” Archaeology News Network. 2/21/2022. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2022/02/chiles-national-museum-of-natural.html AFP. “Nigeria Returns Two Stolen Benin Bronzes To Traditional Royal Palace.” Archaeology News Network. 2/21/2022. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2022/02/nigeria-returns-two-stolen-benin.html Agence France-Presse. “17 Pre-Columbian Artifacts Returned to Mexico.” VOA News. 2/21/2022. https://www.voanews.com/a/pre-columbian-artifacts-returned-to-mexico/6451918.html Alex, Bridget. “Archaeologists uncover oldest ochre workshop in East Asia.” Science. 3/2/2022. https://www.science.org/content/article/archaeologists-uncover-oldest-ochre-workshop-east-asia Amaral, Brian. “Australian researchers defend finding of Captain Cook’s ship in R.I.: ‘Right where we said it was’.” Boston Globe. 2/4/2022. https://www.bostonglobe.com/2022/02/04/metro/right-where-we-said-it-was-finding-captain-cooks-ship-ri-waters-makes-waves-among-researchers/?event=event12 Associated Press. “More possible victims of 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre found in mass grave.” AL.com. 3/3/2022. https://www.al.com/news/2022/03/more-possible-victims-of-1921-tulsa-race-massacre-found-in-mass-grave.html Australian National University. “Mysterious, giant stone jars found in India.” Phys.org. 3/30/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-03-mysterious-giant-stone-jars-india.html Barras, Colin. “Ancient smells reveal secrets of Egyptian tomb.” Nature. 3/31/2022. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-00903-z BBC. “Bedfordshire A428 dig: Evidence of Roman beer production found.” 3/30/2021. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-beds-bucks-herts-60932382 Bower, Bruce. “Ancient seafarers built the Mediterranean’s largest known sacred pool.” Science News. 3/16/2022. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/sacred-pool-ancient-seafarers-phoenicians-largest-mediterranean Bower, Bruce. “The world’s oldest pants stitched together cultures from across Asia.” Science News. 2/18/2022. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/pants-oldest-ancient-horseman-asia-culture-origin Burke, Minyvonne. “Wreckage of 207-year-old whaling ship found on seafloor of Gulf of Mexico.” 3/23/2022. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/wreckage-207-year-old-whaling-ship-found-seafloor-gulf-mexico-rcna21189 Cambridge University Press. “Oldest known drinking straws identified.” Phys.org. 1/19/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-01-oldest-straws.html CBS/AFP. “U.S. returns gold treasure looted from 1746 shipwreck and skull stolen from Parisian catacombs to France.” 3/4/2022. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/us-returns-gold-treasure-skull-to-france/ Cramer, Maria. “Scotland Apologizes for History of Witchcraft Persecution.” New York Times. 3/9/2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/09/world/europe/scotland-nicola-sturgeon-apologizes-witches.html Deutsches Archaologisches Institut. “4000 year old boat salvaged near the ancient city of Uruk.” 3/28/2022. https://www.dainst.org/en/dai/meldungen/-/asset_publisher/nZcCAiLqg1db/content/4000-jahre-altes-boot-bei-der-antiken-stadt-uruk-notgeborgen Dijkstra, Mischa. “Ancient art and genetics combine to reveal origin of world's most expensive spice.” EurekAlert. 3/8/2022. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/945749 El-Aref, Nevine. “The Largest Embalming Cache Ever Found In Egypt Unearthed At Abusir.” Archaeology News Network. 2/8/2022. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2022/02/the-largest-embalming-cache-ever-found.html Ferrarin, Federica. “Agnese, the unknown daughter of Marco Polo.” 2/7/2022. https://www.unive.it/pag/16584/?tx_news_pi1%5Bnews%5D=11938&cHash=92cbc9af6f08744a0a46e4cd860f4c92 Gast, Phil. “A dozen more Revolutionary War-era cannons have been found and raised from the Savannah River.” CNN. 2/8/2022. https://www.cnn.com/2022/02/08/us/savannah-river-cannons-discovery/index.html Geggel, Laura. “2,000-year-old Celtic hoard of gold 'rainbow cups' discovered in Germany.” LiveScience. 1/13/2022. https://www.livescience.com/celtic-gold-hoard-discovered-germany Gershon, Livia. “Hungry Badger Digs Up a Trove of Roman Coins in Spain.” Smithsonian. 1/11/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/hungry-badger-digs-up-roman-coins-in-spain-180979378/ Gershon, Livia. “Researchers Digitally Unwrap Egyptian Pharaoh’s 3,500-Year-Old Mummy.” Smithsonian. 1/5/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/mummy-of-egyptian-pharaoh-digitally-unwrapped-180979309/ Gershon, Livia. “The Horned Helmets Falsely Attributed to Vikings Are Actually Nearly 3,000 Years Old.” Smithsonian. 1/10/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/iconic-viking-horned-helmets-actually-3000-years-old-180979339/ Gross, Jenny. “Decoding Dickens’s Secret Notes to Himself, One Symbol at a Time.” New York Times. 2/8/2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/08/books/charles-dickens-secret-notes.html Gutman, David. “Ancient Native American Artifacts: Seattle to return items to tribe.” The Columbian. 3/25/2022. https://www.columbian.com/news/2022/mar/25/ancient-native-american-artifacts-seattle-to-return-items-to-tribe/ Jones, Sam. “Roman boat that sank in Mediterranean 1,700 years ago gives up its treasures.” The Guardian. 3/8/2022. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2022/mar/08/roman-boat-that-sank-in-mediterranean-1700-years-ago-gives-up-its-treasures Kindy, David. “A Gladiator Arena, Possibly the Last Ever Built, Discovered in Switzerland.” Smithsonian. 2/3/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/what-may-be-the-last-gladiator-arena-ever-built-discovered-in-switzerland-180979497/ Kindy, David. “Amelia Earhart’s Leather Flying Cap Sells at Auction for $825,000.” Smithsonian. 3/1/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/amelia-earharts-leather-flying-cap-sells-at-auction-for-825000-180979649/ Kindy, David. “Archaeologists Unearth 4,000-Year-Old Stone Board Game in Oman.” Smithsonian. 1/11/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/archaeologists-unearth-4000-year-old-stone-board-game-in-oman-180979340/ Kindy, David. “Rubin Museum Agrees to Return Stolen Religious Artifacts to Nepal.” Smithsonian. 1/13/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/rubin-museum-agrees-to-return-stolen-religious-artifacts-to-nepal-180979391/ Kubota, Taylor. “Genomic analysis supports ancient Muwekma Ohlone connection.” Stanford University via EurekAlert. 3/21/2022. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/946684 Lynch, Brendan. “Archaeological dig reveals participants in California’s Gold Rush dined on salted Atlantic cod.” University of Kansas via EurekAlert. 1/6/2022. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/939427 Magni, Paola et al. “How centuries-old bones from Australia's historic shipwrecks can help us solve crimes.” The Conversation via Phys.org. 2/8/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-02-centuries-old-bones-australia-historic-shipwrecks.html Manhattan District Attorney. “D.A. Bragg Returns Two Antiquities Valued at Over $500,000 to the People of Libya.” 3/30/2022. https://www.manhattanda.org/d-a-bragg-returns-two-antiquities-valued-at-over-500000-to-the-people-of-libya/ McGlone, Peggy. “Smithsonian to give back its collection of Benin bronzes.” Washington Post. 3/8/2022. https://www.washingtonpost.com/arts-entertainment/2022/03/08/smithsonian-benin-bronzes-nigeria-return/ McGreevy, Nora. “Dismissed as a Copy for Decades, This Flemish Masterpiece Could Now Fetch Thousands.” Smithsonian. 1/13/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/dismissed-as-copy-for-decades-this-flemish-masterpiece-could-now-fetch-thousands-180979387/ Medievalists.net. “More than 90% of medieval literature manuscripts have been lost, researchers suggest.” 2/2022. https://www.medievalists.net/2022/02/medieval-manuscripts-have-been-lost/ Miller, Michael. “Did comet's fiery destruction lead to downfall of ancient Hopewell?” EurekAlert. 1/22/2022. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/942039 Murphy, Luke John et al. “An Anatomy of the Blood Eagle: The Practicalities of Viking Torture.” Speculum. Volume 97, Number 1. January 2022. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/717332 Ormseth, Matthew. “Federal agents return 4,000-year-old artifacts to Iraqi government.” Phys.org. 1/21/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-01-federal-agents-year-old-artifacts-iraqi.html Pratt, Mark. “New analysis provides more clues about Pilgrim-era shipwreck.” Phys.org. 3/11/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-03-analysis-clues-pilgrim-era-shipwreck.html Rankin, Jennifer. “‘Justice can triumph’: painting looted by Nazis returned to owners after 80 years.” The Guardian. 2/10/2022. https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2022/feb/10/justice-can-triumph-painting-looted-by-nazis-returned-to-owners-after-80-years Recker Jane. “France to Return 15 Works of Nazi-Looted Art to Jewish Families.” Smithsonian Magazine. 1/31/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/france-to-return-15-works-of-nazi-looted-art-to-jewish-families-180979487/ Recker, Jane. “An Ornate, 5,000-Year-Old Stone Drum Is the U.K.’s Most Significant Prehistoric Art Find in a Century.” Smithsonian. 2/18/2022. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/an-ornate-5000-year-old-stone-drum-is-the-uks-most-significant-prehistoric-art-find-in-a-century-180979604/ Rogulj, Daniela. “1800-year-old Roman Goddess Venus Statue in Zadar Discovered at Future Hotel Site.” Total Croatia News. 1/15/2022. https://www.total-croatia-news.com/lifestyle/59345-venus-statue-in-zadar Rutgers University. “Ancient Mesopotamian discovery transforms knowledge of early farming.” Phys.org. 1/11/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-01-ancient-mesopotamian-discovery-knowledge-early.html Sjoberg, Cecilia. “Medieval Ship Found Off The West Coast Of Sweden.” The Archaeology News Network. 2/4/2022. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2022/02/medieval-ship-found-off-west-coast-of.html Solomon, Tessa. “Archaeologists in Mexico Recover Coyote-Man Sculpture, Shedding Light on a Pre-Hispanic Civilization.” ArtNews. 1/27/2022. https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/coyote-man-sculpture-tacambro-mexico-recovered-1234617012/ Solomon, Tessa. “Lebanese Museum Returns More than 300 Allegedly Looted Artifacts to Iraq.” ARTNews. 2/1/2022. https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/nabu-museum-artifacts-returned-iraq-1234618272/ Sonia Díaz-Navarro et al, The first otologic surgery in a skull from El Pendón site (Reinoso, Northern Spain), Scientific Reports (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-06223-6 The History Blog. “1,000-year-old surgical kit found in Sican tomb.” http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/63683 University of Aberdeen. “Rare Pictish Symbol Stone Found Near Potential Site Of Famous Battle.” Archaeology News Network. 3/7/2022. https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2022/03/rare-pictish-symbol-stone-found-near.html University of Cambridge. “Identifying the portable toilets of the ancient Roman world.” Phys.org. 2/10/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-02-portable-toilets-ancient-roman-world.html University of Exeter. “Medieval warhorses were surprisingly small in stature, study shows.” https://www.exeter.ac.uk/research/news/articles/medievalwarhorsesweresurp.html University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “Study ties present-day Native American tribe to ancestors in San Francisco Bay Area.” 3/21/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-03-ties-present-day-native-american-tribe.html University of Vienna. “Origin of the 30,000-year-old Venus of Willendorf discovered.” Phys.org. 2/28/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-02-year-old-venus-willendorf.html Ward, Bob. “New England Unsolved: How a Lynn murder is providing a new lead in Gardner Art Heist investigation.” Boston25. 2/21/2022. https://www.boston25news.com/news/local/new-england-unsolved-how-lynn-murder-is-providing-new-lead-gardner-art-heist-investigation/NVS6SKXQMVHDLLOMAKDJVGCFAU/ Yirka, Bob. “Evidence found of goose domestication in China 7,000 years ago.” 3/8/2022. https://phys.org/news/2022-03-evidence-goose-domestication-china-years.html
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